explanation of the work
The familiarity of Ebisu god is drawn well on all five plates. At that time, in Kaga, where kitamae-ship was thought to bring prosperity to business, Ebisu was worshiped as a god of fishing and commerce, and was taken up as a design of “lucky things”.
size: diameter about 15 cm height about 3.1 cm
Ebisu was also known as “Ebisu face” (it means a smiling face like Ebisu laughing), so the painters picked it up as the subject of “congratulations”, but it is said that they had a hard time to finish in “Ebisu face”. They struggled with how to express the luck or the familiarity in Ebisu face, his fortunate ears, and his appearance carrying a fishing rod and a fish basket with a sea bream in his hand.
So, looking closely at Ebisu drawn by Yoneda Gosaburo, the facial expressions of Ebisu are carefully drawn, and each one will delight the eyes.
What stands out in this work is how to paint three-dimensional white waves, that is the small waves that hit Ebisu’s feet, and the wave patterns drawn in three places on the edge of the plate. Probably, a white paint called “Shiro-mori” would be used. The paint would be a white pigment developed by the master craftsman Tomoda Yasukiyo in 1893, and it is said that this paint made it possible to express subtle differences from the body or other paints.
The back name is written as “kutani / Yoneda”. In addition, there are “kutani / made by Yoneda” or “Dainippon kutani / painted by Yoneda”.
creator of the work
Yoneda Gosaburo 米田 五三郎
years of his birth and death is unknown
Yoneda was a pottery merchant in Neagari Village, Terai, at the beginning of the Meiji period. Since he widely sold figurines (like seven lucky gods including Ebisu) produced in Yawata Village, which became famous as crafts for domestic and abord, he was trusted by Yawata kilns, and as he gradually expanded a sales channel, he also began to handle kutani vases, incense burners, etc.
On the other hand, in 1888, when Araki Tanrei (Kano school painter) and others were invited to promote the improvement of the painting method of kutani and give guidance to improve the technical level, he participated in the guidance with Kameda Sangetsu, Suda Seika and others. This suggests that Yoneda was deeply involved in kutani. In fact, he was widely involved in the manufacture and sale of kutani through the store, Yoneda Toko-do, which was founded in 1907.
This store was founded in 1907 to manufacture and sell kutani. The store had a time when figurines, vases, incense burners, etc. were manufactured and sold, but now the store is continuing their business as a specialized kiln for figurines.